Dental treatments have the goal of fixing any damage done to your teeth, so that your teeth may still be saved and hopefully, restored back to a normally functioning one. However, in cases when a tooth has sustained excessive damage and no amount of dental treatments can save it, a tooth extraction procedure will need to be done – to ensure that the damage or infection will not affect the neighbouring teeth as well.
Aside from the removal of badly damaged or decayed teeth, tooth extractions can also be done in preparation for an orthodontic procedure; a tooth or several teeth may need to be removed to provide adequate space for the other teeth to be moved into a more properly aligned position. Tooth extractions may also be done in cases when baby teeth do not fall out on their own, preventing the permanent teeth from coming out in a healthy and normal manner. A tooth extraction will also be needed in cases of wisdom teeth that have been impacted or infected.
A local anaesthetic will usually be needed prior to a tooth extraction procedure, to ensure that the patient will not feel any pain or discomfort during the procedure. Simple tooth extractions will require the dentist to use an elevator to loosen the tooth, before it can be pulled out with the use of forceps. Surgical tooth extractions, on the other hand, may require the cutting of the gums to get to an impacted tooth, which is a tooth that has not erupted fully from the gum line. After extracting the affected tooth, the gums will need to be stitched closed once more.